English Deixis in Picture Storybooks for Children

Allyda Ulfa Nafi'ah, Rohmani Nur Indah, Toyyibah Toyyibah


Deictic expression is a noticeable item in linguistic studies to recognize the meaning of a specific context. Thus, pragmatic analysis in this research is to find five kinds of deixis those are: personal deixis (first, second, and third person deixis), place deixis, time deixis, social deixis and discourse deixis. The theory that is used in this research is the theory of deixis by Levinson (1983). The present study investigates the use of Deictic expression in five children picture storybook. The titles of each book are Reba wants ice cream, Gappu can't dance, Bunty and Bubbly, A new pet in the family, and under my bed. In this research, the researcher conducted a descriptive qualitative research. From two research problem of this study What types of deixis found in the children's story books? And what are the patterns of the Deixis types in children's storybooks? the researchers found that in all story books, personal deixis is the most identifiable type of deixis. Some pattern of the Deixis types in Children's storybooks like the word; I, now, there, this, mother was found in the sentences of the story.


Key words: deixis, picture storybook, pragmatics

Full Text:



Al-khalidy, H. O. (2019). A Pragmatic Analysis of Spatial Deixis in the Discussions of the General Budget by the Jordanian MPs for the Financial Year 2017. International Journal of Applied Linguistics and English Literature, 8(1), 134–138.

Anderson, N. (2006). Elementary Children’s Literature. Pearson Education.

Dylgjeri, A., & Kazazi, L. (2013). Deixis in Modern Linguistics and Outside. Academic Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies, 2(4), 87–96. https://doi.org/10.5901/ajis.2012.v2n4p87

Guion, L. A. (2002). Triangulation : Establishing the Validity of Qualitative Studies 1. 1–3.

Herman, H., & Pardede, H. (2020). Deixis Analysis in the Business Article of the Jakarta Post. Wanastra: Jurnal Bahasa Dan Sastra, 12(2), 137–141. https://doi.org/10.31294/w.v12i2.8464

Khalili, E. (2017). Deixis Analysis in A Tale of Two Cities. International Academic Journal of Social Sciences, 4(3), 58–65. https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Emad_Khalily/publication/340581456_Deixis_Analysis_in_A_Tale_of_Two_Cities_written_by_Charles_Dickens/links/5e921524299bf13079914228/Deixis-Analysis-in-A-Tale-of-Two-Cities-written-by-Charles-Dickens.pdf

Latupeirissa, D. S. (2016). A Study on the Personal Deixis of Korbafo Dialect in Rote Language. International Journal of Linguistics, Literature and Culture, 2(1), 11–23. https://doi.org/10.21744/ijllc.v2i1.6

Levinson, S. (1983). Pragmatics. In Cambridge University Press.

Li, Y. (2009). A Social and Pragmatic Analysis of the Second Person Deixis You. Asian Social Science, 5(12), 130–133. https://doi.org/10.5539/ass.v5n12p130

Mart, C. (2012). Encouraging Young Learners to Learn English through Stories. English Language Teaching, 5(5).

Nasriandi, N., Jusriati, J., & Syahrir, S. (2020). Social Deixis in English and Tae’ Bastem: Revisting Brown and Gilman’s TU and VOS Forms. Wanastra: Jurnal Bahasa Dan Sastra, 12(2), 215–222. https://doi.org/10.31294/w.v12i2.8754

Nasution, D. R. A., Setiadi, G., & Ilza, S. S. (2018). Deixis Analysis in the Song Lyrics of Ed Sheeran’s Divide Album. Journal of 2nd English Language and Literature International Conference (ELLiC) Proceedings, 2, 376–382.

Natalia, Y., & Santoso, I. (2020). Person Deixis and Spatial Deixis of King Dangdut by Rhoma Irama Songs. Professional Journal of English Education, 3(3).

Niemann, H. (2003). Learning English through Story Books. Amazing Young Minds Cambridge.

Pangaribuan, R. E., Manik, S., & Pasaribu, T. (2015). Deixis Used on Business Brochures Text: A Pragmatics Study. International Journal of English Linguistics, 5(5), 171–182. https://doi.org/10.5539/ijel.v5n5p171

Rahayu, I. D., & Kurniawan, E. (2020). Deixis Investigation of Motivational Speech in Jack Ma’s “Empowering Young African Entrepreneur in Nairobi” Speech. 430(Conaplin 2019), 102–106. https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.200406.020

Saputri, K. (2016). An Analysis of Deixis in Black Swan Movie Script. Bahasa Dan Sastra, 5(1), 13–18. http://ejournal.uigm.ac.id/index.php/GE/article/view/138

Sasmita, R., Hardiah, M., & . E. (2018). an Analysis of Deixis and Its Reference Used By Main Character in “a Thousand Words” Movie Scriptby Steve Koren. Journal of English Education and Teaching, 2(1), 68–75. https://doi.org/10.33369/jeet.2.1.68-75

Sitorus, E., & Herman. (2019). A Deixis Analysis of Song Lyrics in Calum Scott “You Are the Reason.” International Journal of Science and Qualitative Analysis, 5(1), 24. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijsqa.20190501.14

Slotta, J. (2018). Pragmatics.

Stapleton, A. (2017). Deixis in Modern Linguistics. Essex Student Research Online, 9(2), 1–9.

Van Thao, N., & Herman, N. (2020). An Analysis of Deixis to Song Lyrics “My Heart Will Go on” by Celine Dion. Communication and Linguistics Studies, 6(2), 23. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.cls.20200602.12

Wiguna, A., Anggraeni, H., Nuramalia, R., & Irma, S. S. (2018). Deixis in Maleficent Movie Script. Proffesional Journal Of English Education, 1(2), 133–138. https://journal.ikipsiliwangi.ac.id/index.php/project/article/view/466

DOI: https://doi.org/10.31294/w.v13i1.9660

Copyright (c) 2021 Wanastra

Index by:

 dipublikasikan oleh LPPM Universitas Bina Sarana Informatika dengan dukungan Relawan Jurnal Indonesia

Jl. Kramat Raya No.98, Kwitang, Kec. Senen, Kota Jakarta Pusat, DKI Jakarta 10450
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License