Nurhayati nhi


Genre analysis is a means of studying spoken and written discourse. Genre is also as a structuring device used for scientific writing such as articles of journal. The aim of the present study is to describe move structure of research article abstracts. The move or rhetorical structure model employed as the framework for analysis of the data was Hyland’s.  The sources of data are abstracts of Asian EFL journal articles published between 2005-2009. The number of the article abstracts chosen as the source of the data was fifty. The findings indicated that there were four conventional moves in the abstracts, namely Purpose Move (M2), Method move (M3), Product move (M4), and Conclusion move (M5).   It was found that M2, M3, and M4 occurred in all of the 50 abstracts or 100% while M5 occurred in 38 abstracts or 76%.  Introduction move (M1) was an optional move since it was only 24 abstracts or 48%.  The most frequent move structure appeared in the abstracts was M2-M3-M4-M5 whose total was 23 abstracts or 46%. Finally, the implication of the findings is that the result of the research can be as an empirical reference for novice writers in writing abstracts.


Keywords: Genre, Move Structure, Hyland’s 

Teks Lengkap:

PDF (English)


Bhatia, V.K. 2002. A Generic View of Academic Discourse: In J. Flowerdew (Ed.), Academic Discourse (pp. 21-39). Harlow: Longman.

Bhatia, V.K. 1993. Analyzing genre: language use in professional settings. London: Longman.

Bhatia, V.K. 1997. Genre Mixing in Academic Introductions. English for English Purposes, 16(3), 181-195.

Bhatia, V.K. 1997. Introduction: Genre Analysis and World English, World English. 16(3), 313-319.

Hyland, K. & Tse, P. 2005. Hooking the Reader: A corpus study of Evaluative That in abstracts. English for Specific Purposes. 24(2), 123-139.

Hyland, K. 2009. Academic Discourse: English in a global context. London: Continuum.

Hyland, K. 2000. Disciplinary Discourse: Social interaction in academy writing. London, UK: Longman.

Hyland, K., & Bondi, M. (Eds). 2006. Academic Discourse across Disciplines. New York, NY: Peter Lang AG.

Lores, R. On RA. Abstracts: From rhetorical structure to thematic organization. English for Specific Purposes, 23(3), 280-302.

Martin, P.M. 2001. A Genre Analysis of English and Spanish Research Paper Abstracts in Experimental Social Sciences. English for English Purposes, 23. 25-43.

Pho, P. D. 2008. Research article abstracts in applied linguistics and educational technology: a study of linguistic realizations of rhetorical structure and authorial stance. Discourse Studies, 10(2), 231- 250.

Ren, H. & Li. Y. 2011. A comparison study on the rhetorical moves of abstracts in published research article and master’s foreign-language theses. English Language Teaching. 4 (1), 162-166. http//

Ruiying,Y. & Allison, D. 2003. Research articles in applied linguistics: moving from results to conclusions. English for Specific Purposes, 22(4), 365-386.

Salager-Meyer, F. Corder. 1992. A text-type and move analysis study of verb tense and modality distribution in medical English abstracts. English for Specific Purposes, 11(2), 93-113.

Samraj, B. 2005. An exploration of a genre set: Research article abstracts and introduction in two disciplines. English for Specific Purposes, 24(2), 141-156.

Samraj, B. 2002. Disciplinary variation in abstracts: The case of wildlife behavior and conservation biology. In J. Flowerdew (Ed.), Academic Discourse (pp. 20-56). Harlow: Longman.

Santos, M.B.D. 1996. The textual organization of research paper abstracts in applied linguistic. Text, 16(4), 481-499.

Santos, V.B.M.P.D. 2002. Genre analysis of business letters of negotiation. English for Specific Purposes, 21(2), 124-144.

Swales, J.M. 1990. Genre Analysis: English in academic and research setting. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Swales, J.M. 2004. Research Genres: Explorations and Applications. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Tseng, F.p. 2011. Analyses of move structure and verb tense of research article abstracts in applied linguistic journals. International Journal of English Linguistics, 1(2), 27-39.

Li, Yun. 2011. A genre analysis of English and Chinese research article abstracts in linguistics and chemistry. San Diego, USA : San Diego State University.


Index by:

 dipublikasikan oleh LPPM Universitas Bina Sarana Informatika dengan dukungan Relawan Jurnal Indonesia

Jl. Kramat Raya No.98, Kwitang, Kec. Senen, Kota Jakarta Pusat, DKI Jakarta 10450
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License