Doni Purnama Alamsyah



Renewable Energy Industry in Indonesia is an important concern now, where government supports as external factors play an important role. External factors are important in gain competitive advantages of Renewable Energy industry in Indonesia. Therefore, this research focused on the study of the theoretical review of the relationship between external factors and competitive advantage. Discussed the theory study with previous research in this qualitative research, is used to model the latest research at the Renewable Energy industry. Results of the study found the importance of external factors in the Renewable Energy industry in gain competitive advantage. Another thing to note in particular the Renewable Energy industry in Indonesia on external factors is the political, economic, social, and technological. Utilized of these factors are important in improving competitive advantage. While the things that need to be considered by the Renewable Energy industry in competitive advantage is quality, capable, position, profitability, management and corporate image. This study theoretically improvement of previous research, and recommendations to develop with empirical study in the next research for the Renewable Energy industry.
Keywords: External Factors, Competitive Advantage, Renewable Energy. 


Alamsyah, D. P., & Angliawati, R. Y. 2015. Buying Behavior Of Organic Vegetables Product: The Effects Of Perceptions Of Quality And Risk. International Journal of Scintific & Technology Research, 4/12, Pp. 28-35

Alkali, M. & Isa, A. H. 2012. Assesing The Influence of External Environmental Factors, on the Performance of Small Business Manufacturing Enterprises in Bauchi States Nigeria. Interdisciplinary Journal of Contemporary Research in Business. 4/7, Pp. 621-628

Ayu, W. 2015. Gandeng UI, Pertamina Bahas Energi Baru dan Terbarukan di OSN Pertamina 2015. Diakses dari:

Bergmann, A., Colombo, S., & Hanley, N. 2007. The Social-Environmental Impacts Of Renewable Energy Expansian in Scotland. The Agricultural Economics Sociaty’s 81st Annual Confference. University of Reading: UK.

Birasnav, M. 2014. Relationship between transformational leadership behaviors and manufacturing strategy. International Journal of Organizational Analysis, 22(2), 205-223.

Chang, C. 2011. The Influence of Corporate Environmental Ethics on Competitive Advantage: The Mediation Role of Green Innovation. Journal Business Ethics. 104, Pp. 361-370.

Choi, J. & Mogyoro, M. 2011. Influence of Internal and External Factors on Expansion Strategy. Linnaeus University

Couture, T., & Gagnon, Y. 2010. An analysis of feed-in tariff remuneration models: Implications for renewable energy investment. Energy policy, 38(2), 955-965.

DBS, 2015. Potensi Pengembangan Energi Baru-Terbarukan Indonesia. Dianses dari:

Dessler, G. 2007. Human Resource Management, 11th ed., Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ.

Dogl, C., Holtbrugge, D., & Schuster, T. 2014. Competitive Advantage of German Renewable Energy Firms in India and China. Internatioanl Journal of Emerging. 7/2, 191-214.

Dudin, M.N. 2012. A systematic approach to determining the modes of interaction of large and small businesses. European Journal of Economic Studies. 2/2, Pp. 84-87

Dudley, B. 2015. BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2015. 64th Edition.

Gangi, Y., & Timan, E. 2013. An Empirical Investigation of Entrepreneurial Environment in Sudan. World Journal of Entrepreneurship, Management and Sustainable Development. 9/2, Pp. 168-177

Gomezelj & Kusce. 2012. The Influence of personal and Environment Factors on Entrepreneurs performance. Kybernetes. 42/6, Pp. 906-927.

Gyampah, K., & Acquaah, M. 2007. Manufacturing Strategy, Competitive Strategy and Firm Performance: An Emprirical Study in a Developing Economic Environment. International Journal Production Economics. 111, 575-592.

Hitt, M., Ireland, R., & Hoskisson, R. 2014. Strategic Management: Competitiveness & Globalization. South-Western College.

Hitt, M.A., Ireland, R.D., camp, S.M., & Sexton, D.L,. 2001. Stategic entreprenurship; Strategies for wealth creation. Stategic management Journal. 22/3-4, pp 479-491.

Husso, M., & Nybakk, E. 2010. Importance of Internal and External Factors When Adapting to Environmental Changes in SME Sawmills in Norway and Finland: The Manager’s View. Journal of Forest Products Business Research. 7/1, Pp. 1-14.

Iyfree, 2015. Perkembangan Energi Terbarukan di Indonesia. Diakses dari:

Johnson, G., Whittington, R., & Scholes, K. 2009. Exploring Corporate Strategy with MyStrategyLab. Financial Times. Prentice-Hall.

Kadiman, K. 2006. Penelitian, Pengambangan dan Penerapan Ilmu Pengetahuan dan Teknologi: Bidang Sumber Energi Baru dan Terbarukan untuk Mendukung Keamanan Ketersediaan Energi Tahun 2025. Buku Putih: Kementerian Negara Riset dan Teknologi Republik Indonesia.

Lasmana, S, M. 2014. Negosiasi Bisnis Dalam Persaingan Global. Majalah Bisnis dan Iptek. 7/1, 13-17.

Lena, M. P. 2006. Corporate Invironmental Behavior and Competitive Advantage. The Chinese University of Hongkong. 1-291

Lewis, J. I., & Wiser, R. H. 2007. Fostering a renewable energy technology industry: An international comparison of wind industry policy support mechanisms. Energy policy, 35(3), 1844-1857.

Macfarlane, M. A. 2014. Sustainable competitive advantage for accountable care organizations. Journal of Healthcare Management. 59/4, 263-71.

Mann, L. L., & Blum, I. 2002. Entrepreneurship and recent dietetic graduates. Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research, 63(2), 108-109.

Omar, C., & Jusoh, O. 2010. A Theoritical Investigation into Entrepreneurship and Organizational Innovation-Based Competitive Strategy in Malaysia. The Journal of International Management Studies. 5/2, Pp. 12-20.

Ong, H. C., Mahlia, T.M.I., & Masjudi, H.H. 2010. A Review on Nergy Scenario and Sustainable Energy in Malaysia. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 15, 639-647.

Papulova, E., & Papulova, Z. 2006. Competitive Strategy and Competitive Advantage of Small and Midsized Manufacturing Enterprises in Slovakia. E-Leader. 1-8

Parnell, J. A. 2011. Strategic capabilities, competitive strategy, and performance among retailers in argentina, peru and the united states. Management Decision, 49/1, 139-155

Porter, Michael. 1986. Competitive Strategy. Harvard Business School Press.

Prada, D., & Andrade, D. 2014. How do External Factors Influence SME’s Customer Value Creation in a New Foreign Market? A Case Study of Axelent A.B. Halmstad University.

Pusponegoro, W. 2015. Pertamina & Akuo Energy Kerjsama Kembangkan Listrik Berbasis Energi Terbarukan di Indonesia. Diakses dari:

Rangkuti, F. 2005. Analisis SWOT Teknik Membedah kasus Bisnis Reorientasi Konsep Perencanaan Strategis untuk Menghadapi Abad 21. PT. Gramedia Pustaka Utama, Jakarta

Ren, L., Xie, G., & Krabbendam, K. 2010. Suistanable Competitive Advantage and Marketing Innovation Within Firms. Management Research Review. 33/1. Page 79-87.

Sekaran, Uma. 2010. Research Methods For Business. Fifth Edition. New York: Jhon Wiley & Sons, Inc

Sherwani, A. F., Usmani, J. A., & Varun. 2010. Life Cyle Assessment of Solar PV Based Electricity Generation Systems: A Review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 14, 540-544.

Smith, K.E. 2007. The E U in the World: Future Research Agendas. European Foreign and Security Policy Studies Programme, Anna Lindh award lecture. Brussels, 19 October.

Srivastava, M., Franklin, A., & Martinette, L. 2013. Building a Sustainable Competitive Advantage. Journal of Technology Management & Innovation. 8/2, 47-60.

Tampubolon, B. I., Fauzi, A., & Ekayani, M. 2016. Internalisasi Biaya External Serta Analisis Kebijakan Pengembangan Energi Panas Bumi Sebagai Energi Alternatif. Risalah Kebijakan Pertanian dan Lingkungan. 2/2, 98-104.

Thompson, J., & Martin, F. 2010. Strategic Management: Awareness & Change 6th edition. South-Western Publiser.

Timmons, D., Harris, J., & Roach. 2014. The Economics of Renewable Energy. Global Develompment and Environment Institue. Tufts University.

Tuan, N., & Yoshi, T. 2010. Organisational Capabilities, Competitive Advantage and Performance in Supporting Industries in Vietnam. Asian Academy of Management Journal. 15/1, 1-21.

Urban B, & Mothusiwa M. 2014. Planning Flexibility and Entrepreneurial Orientation: A Focus on SME Performance and the Influence of Environmental Perception. Management Dynamics. 23/1, Pp. 58-70.

Yamin, S., Gunasekaran, A., & Mavondo, F. 1999. Relationship Between Generic Strategies, Competitive Advantage and Organizational Performance: An Empirical Analysis. Technovation. 19, 507-518.

Zailani, S., Eltayeb, T., Hsu, C. & Tan, K. 2011. The Impact of External Institutional Drivers and Internal Strategy on Environmental Performance. International Journal of Operations & Production Management. 32/6, Pp. 721-745.

Zakic, N., Jovanovic, A., & Stamatovic, M. 2008. External and Internal Factors Affecting the Product and Business Process Innovation. Economics and Organization. 5/1, Pp. 17-29.

Zhou, K. Z., Yim, C. K., & Tse, D. K. 2005. The effects of strategic orientations on technology-and market-based breakthrough innovations. Journal of marketing, 69(2), 42-60


Copyright (c) 2016 Doni Purnama Alamsyah

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

ISSN: 2355-0295 || EISSN: 2549-8932


Indexed by:

dipublikasikan oleh LPPM Universitas Bina Sarana Informatika dengan dukungan Relawan Jurnal Indonesia

Jl. Kramat Raya No.98, Kwitang, Kec. Senen, Kota Jakarta Pusat, DKI Jakarta 10450
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License