METAPHOR IN NOVEL SEPATU DAHLAN BY KHRISNA PABICHRA

oktriyani oktariyani yani

Sari


METAPHOR IN NOVEL “ SEPATU DAHLAN” BY KHRISNA PABICHARA

(STYLISTIC ANALYSIS)

 

BY OKTARIYANI

oktariyani.yani@yahoo.co.id

UNIVERSITAS NAHDATUL ULAMA LAMPUNG


ABSTRACT. The purpose of this study is to get deep knowledge of metaphor; (1) based on the creation of meaning, ( 2 ) based on images, ( 3 ) based on the meaning of field ecosystem. Describe the functions of the metaphor in the novel Sepatu Dahlan by Krishna Pabichara. The method used this study is content analysis. The approach of this study is stylistic that is part of a qualitative approach. Steps of this research are (a) intensive reading  and repeat reading novel that will be research, (b) make notes every phrase, clause, or sentence of metaphor in the novel (c) identify  some things there are in objective of this research and (d) do the analysis and do data interpretation.The results of the data analysis found 48 sentences included in the category of metaphor is based on the creation of meaning, which consists of 8 sentences of blank symbols, 28 sentences of natural symbols and private symbols 16 sentences. Found 34 sentences were included in the category of metaphors based on images, which consists of visual 14 sentences, 14 sentences auditory. Taklitis 7 sentences, gustative 2 sentences, images olfaction 1 sentence. Found 55 sentences which are categorized based on the ecosystem metaphor meaning field, which consists of 5 sentences being, Cosmos 10 sentences, 12 sentences energy, to the category of substance is not found in the novel. Terrestrial 3 sentences, the object 3 sentences, living 5 sentences, animate 7 sentences, 10 sentences of a human. While the function of metaphor in the novel of Sepatu Dahlan includes expression language functions and communication of speech acts consisting of illocutionary and perlocutionary.

 

Keywords: Metaphor, stylistic, novel, kinds of metaphor, the function of metaphor.


Teks Lengkap:

PDF (English)

Referensi


DAFTAR PUSTAKA

Abrams, M.H. A Glossary of Literary Terms. New York: Cornell University, 1981.

Allen, Pamela. Membaca dan membaca lagi: Reinterpretasi fiksi Indonesia 1980-1995. Persi Terjemahan. Yogyakarta: Yayasan Obor Indonesia, 2004.

Aminuddin. Pengantar Apresiasi Karya sastra. Bandung: Sinar Baru, 2000.

………….. Stilistika; Pengantar Memahami Bahasa dalam Karya Sastra. Semarang: IKIP Press, 1995.

Anoegrajekti, Novi. Dkk. Estetika Sastra, Seni dan Budaya. Jakarta: UNJ Press, 2008.

Barry, Peter. Beginning Theory: An Introduction to Literary and Cultural Theory. New York: Manchester University Press, 1995.

Brumfit, Christopher, and Carter, Ronald. Literature and Language Teaching. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1987.

Buckledee, Steve. Language & Literature in Tertiary Education: the Case for stylistics. English Teaching Forum Journal, 2002.

Carter, Ronald, and McRae, John. Language, Literature and the learner. Longman, 1999.

Catherine Brouwer, Elisabeth. Imagining Metaphor. Amsterdam: Academisch Proefschrift, 2003.

Cooper, David. Knowledge and Language Volume III Metaphor and Knowledge, Netherlands: Kluwer Academic, 1993.

Chaer, Abdul. Sosiolinguistik Perkenalan Awal. Jakarta : Rineka Cipta, 2002.

Cruse, Allan. Meaning in language; an introduction to semantics and pragmatics. New York: Oxford University Press,1962.

Djojosuroto, Kinayati. Mozaik Sastra Indonesia: Dimensi Sastra dari berbagai Perspektif. Bandung: Nuansa, 2005.

………………………. Analisis Teks Sastra dan Pengajarannya. Yogyakarta: Pustaka, 2006.

Djojosuroto, Kinayati dan Noldy Pelenkahu. Teori Apresiasi Pembelajaran Prosa. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Book Publisher, 2009.

………………………………………………….. Teori dan Pemahaman Apresiasi Puisi. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Book Publisher, 2009.

Djoko Pradopo, Rahmat. Pengkajian Puisi. Yogyakarta: Gajah Mada University Press, 2005.

Effendi. Bimbingan Apresiasi Puisi. Jakarta: Pustaka Pelajar, 2004.

Endraswara, Suwardi. Metodologi Penelitian Sastra (Epistimologi, Model, Teori, dan Aplikasi. Yogyakarta: Media Presindo, 2008.

Eubanks, Philip. Metaphor and Writing Figurative Thought in the Discourse of Written Communication. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2011.

Fauziah, Annisa. Metafora dalam Serial Komik “Cerdik”. Jakarta: Universitas Negeri Jakarta, 2012.

Halliday, M.A.K. On Language and Linguistics. New York, London: Continuum, 2003.

Hermintoyo, Moh.Muzakka, Nur Fauzan. Metafofa dalam Lirik Lagu Indonesia: Suatu Kajian Semiotik-Pragmatik. Semarang: Universitas diponegoro, 2005.

Humairoh, Fitriyah. Pemakaian Majas Perbandingan dalam Cerita Komik “ dari Presiden- ke Presiden” edisi karut marut Ekonomi Karya Beny Rachmadi. Jakarta: Universitas Negeri Jakarta, 2005.

Jabrohim. Metodologi Penelitian Sastra. Jogjakarta: Hanindita Graha Widya, 2002.

Jaszczolt, K.M. Semantics and Paragmatics; Meaning in Language and Discourse. London: Longman, 2002.

K. Hiraga, Masako. Metaphor and Iconicity; A Cognitive Approach to Analysing Teks. New York: Palgrave Mcmillan, 2005.

Keraf, Gorys. Diksi dan Gaya Bahasa. Jakarta: Gramedia, 2002.

……………, Diksi dan Gaya Bahasa. Jakarta: Gramedia, 2007.

Klarer, Mario. An Introduction to Literary Studies Second Edition. London: Routledge, 2004.

Knowles, Muray & Rosamund Moon. Introducing Metaphor. New York: Routledge, 2006.

Kosasih, E. Dasar-dasar Keterampilan Bersastra. FBS-UPI, 2012.

Kovacs, Zoltan. Metaphor; A Practical Introduction Second Edition. New York: Oxford University Press, 2010.

Kutha Ratna, Nyoman. Sastra dan Cultural Studies: Representasi Fiksi dan Fakta. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar, 2007.

……………., Nyoman. Teori, Metode, dan Teknik Penelitian Sastra: dari strukturalisme hingga Postrukturalisme, Perspektif Wacana Naratif. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar, 2007.

Lowery, Denise. Helping Metaphor Take Root in the EFL Classroom. English Teaching Forum, 2013.

M. Pateda. Semantik Leksikal. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta, 2001.

Minderop, Albertine. Metode Karakterisasi Telaah Fiksi. Jakarta: Yayasan Obor Indonesia, 2005.

Moleong, Lexy J. Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif. Bandung: PT. Remaja Rosdakarya, 2006.

Nurgiyantoro, Burhan. Teori Pengkajian Fiksi. Yogyakarta: Gajah Mada University Press, 2001.

………………., Burhan. Teori Pngkajian Fiksi. Yogyakarta: Gajah Mada University Press, 2009.

Nuryadi. Penerjemahan Majas Metafora Bahasa Inggris ke Dalam Bahasa Indonesia dalam Novel Princess on the Brink. Jakarta: Universitas Negeri Jakarta, 2009.

Pradotokusumo, Partini Sarjono. Pengkajian Sastra. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama, 2005.

Rafiek, M. Teori Sastra: Kajian Teori dan Praktik. Bandung: Pt. Refika Aditama, 2010.

Riemer, Nick. Introducing Semantic. United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press, 2010.

Sayuti, Suminto. A. Berkenalan dengan Puisi.Yogyakarta: Gramedia, 2002

Sarumpaet, Riris K, Toha. Sastra Masuk Sekolah. Magelang: Indonesiatera.

Siswantoro. Apresiasi puisi-puisi sastra Inggris. Surakarta: Muhammadiyah Press, 2002.

Stanton, Robert. Teori Fiksi. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar, 2007.

Sugiyono. Metode Penelitian Pendidikan, Pendekatan Kuantitatif, Kualitatif, dan R & D. Bandung: Alfabeta, 2009.

Umam, Hairul. Penerjemahan Metafora Bahasa Inggris ke Dalam Bahasa Indonesia. Jakarta: Universitas Negeri Jakarta, 2010.

Umar Siregar, Bahren. Semantik-Pragmatik Metonimi dan Metafora, dalam Jurnal Menabur Benih Menuai Kasih. Jakarta: Yayasan Obor Indonesia, 2004.

Wahab, Abdul. Metafora sebagai Alat Pelacak Sistem Ekologi (Pelba 3). Jakarta: Unika Atmajaya, 1990.

Wellek, Rene & Austin Warren. Teori Kesusteraan. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka utama, 1995.

Widdowson, H.G. Stylistics and the Teaching of Literature. London: Longman, 1979.

Yuniseffendri. Metafora dalam Pepatah-Petitih Minangkabau. Jakarta: Universitas Negeri Jakarta, 2011.

Yule, George. Pragmatics. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.31294/w.v10i1.2586

 dipublikasikan oleh LPPM Universitas Bina Sarana Informatika Jakarta

Jl. Dewi Sartika No. 289, Cawang, Jakarta Timur Telp : 021-8010836
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License