Persepsi Masyarakat Setempat dan Pegawai Pemerintah Daerah terhadap Dampak Pembangunan Pariwisata: Studi kasus di Kawasan Kota Tua

Himawan Brahmantyo - STP Trisakti Jakarta, Muhammad Baiquni, Chafid Fandeli, Tri Widodo - UGM Yogyakarta

Sari


Abstract -Tourism development impact on the economic, environmental and social stakeholders to be around tourism destinations.  This study aims to examine how perceptions of stakeholders, namely the local community and local government employees on the impact of tourism development in the old city Jakarta area. The field survey was conducted by distributing questionnaires to local communities (kelurahan Pinangsia, Roa Malaka, Penjaringan) and local government employees in the old city Jakarta area. Descriptive statistics were used to measure the perceptions of the impact of differences in perception between the two stakeholders were analyzed using ANOVA and t-test.  The results showed that both stakeholders have a positive perception of the impact of tourism development. Significant differences were found that local communities contribute to tourism judge primarily on the social aspects, while local government officials assess that tourism contributes to the environmental aspects are also social.

Keywords: the impact of tourism development, perception, local communities, government officials Regional

Abstrak - Pembangunan pariwisata berdampak terhadap aspek ekonomi, lingkungan dan sosial para pemangku kepentingan yang berada di sekitar destinasi pariwisata. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengkaji bagaimana persepsi para pemangku kepentingan yaitu masyarakat setempat dan pegawai pemerintah Daerah tentang dampak pembangunan pariwisata di Kawasan Kota Tua Jakarta. Survei lapangan dilakukan dengan menyebarkan kuesioner kepada masyarakat setempat  (kelurahan Pinangsia, Roa Malaka, Penjaringan) dan pegawai Pemda di Kawasan Kota Tua Jakarta. Statistik deskriptif digunakan untuk mengukur persepsi dampak, perbedaan persepsi antara kedua pemangku kepentingan dianalisis menggunakan ANOVA dan t-test. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kedua pemangku kepentingan memiliki persepsi positif terhadap dampak pembangunan pariwisata. Perbedaan signifikan dijumpai bahwa  masyarakat setempat menilai pariwisata berkontribusi terutama pada aspek sosial, sedangkan pegawai Pemda menilai bahwa pariwisata berkontribusi pada aspek lingkungan juga sosial.

Kata kunci: dampak pembangunan pariwisata, persepsi, masyarakat setempat, pegawai pemerintah Daerah


Teks Lengkap:

PDF (English)

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.31294/khi.v8i1.892

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Terbit setiap bulan Maret & September, ISSN : 2087-0086 (print), 2655-5433 (online)