Pengaruh Pemberontakan Taiping (1851-1864) Terhadap Sosiologis Dan Politis Pemerintahan Dinasti Qing

Ratna Danyati - ABA BSI

Sari


ABSTRACT - This research to determine the effect of the Taiping rebellion using the historical methods through four steps, ie heuristics, criticism, interpretation, and historiography. The purpose of this research is to reveal the meaning of the Taiping Tianguo rebellion in socio-political. Taiping Tianguo (1851-1864) occurred at the end of the Manzu empire and established by Hong Xiuquan who then called the King of Heaven. Hong Xiuquan take Christianity and take advantage of the Christian theory of the equation as a weapon, by mobilizing millions of poor peasants against the feudal power of the Qing Empire. Taiping Tianguo rebellion is an uprising heaviest experienced Qing dynasty. As a result of this rebellion economic conditions, political, social and Qing dynasties that have been weakened by the dominance of Western nations getting worse. Taiping rebellion can only be extinguished after surviving for 13 years. Western nations have a stake because it helps the Qing dynasty to crush the rebellion. The collapse of the Taiping rebellion also caused by the Hong Xiuquan who only rely on individual strengths and ignore the vision at the beginning of missions.

Keywords: Taiping Tianguo, Hong Xiuquan, Dinasti Qing


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Referensi


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.31294/khi.v3i2.521

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Terbit setiap bulan Maret & September, ISSN : 2087-0086 (print), 2655-5433 (online)